Tips for finding Knowledge Articles

  • - Enter just a few key words related to your question or problem
  • - Add Key words to refine your search as necessary
  • - Do not use punctuation
  • - Search is not case sensitive
  • - Avoid non-descriptive filler words like "how", "the", "what", etc.
  • - If you do not find what you are looking for the first time,reduce the number of key words you enter and try searching again.
  • - Minimum supported Internet Explorer version is IE9
Home  >

KB-6436: X11 forwarding does not work when using "dzdo su - <user>"

Centrify DirectControl ,  

12 April,16 at 10:59 AM

Applies to: All versions of Centrify DirectAuthorize.

Why does X11 forwarding doesn't work when using "dzdo su - <user>", but works when using "su - <user>" command though?

When user is switched to mw by using "su - mw" command and run firefox. Firefox then starts.
su - mw
When user is switched to mw by using "dzdo su - mw" command. Firefox cannot be started.
dzdo su - mw
When the above command is executed with xshell and the error is different.
dzdo su - mw xshell

This is an expected behavior and is not considered as a bug.
Note that dzdo run as root, so when root does "s
u -" it bypassed all authentication. In other words, for root to do "su - <user>" this will not work either.
The error seen here when launching X app is:
PuTTY X11 proxy: MIT-MAGIC-COOKIE-1 data did not matchxterm Xt error: Can't open display: localhost:10.0
This means the .Xauthority and ssh connection does not match and this is how X sort out and protect against unauthorized connection.

When a normal user su - to another, user will be prompted for password. After login, you will see a new env variable:
This is the new X cookie for connection through the same SSH connection.

This would work if X11UseLocalhost is NOT used. However that means user will have to specify DISPLAY manually to name the Xserver and it is much less secure because this does not go through SSH connection.

Still have questions? Click here to log a technical support case, or collaborate with your peers in Centrify's Online Community.