Security questions are like a second password prompt. Just like passwords, users tend to create weak or easy to guess answers. Unlike passwords, security questions usually do not have policies to enforce complexity, uniqueness and guessability.
Here are some tips to help make your security question answers stronger:
1. Use a non-corresponding answer.
Using an answer that does not correspond to the question will make it harder for unauthorized users to guess or find your answer. For example, if the question is your first car model, answer with "blankcowblueYogurt". If the question is your mother's maiden name, don't use your mother's maiden name as the answer. Your mother's maiden name might be easily acquired through social media, social engineering, stolen records, public records, malware, easily guessed or many other methods.
2. Avoid answers that are vulnerable to social engineering.
Even if you use a non-corresponding answer to a security question, unauthorized users may still randomly attempt to use information that could be acquired through social media or social engineering such as the name of your child, pet, school, or company.
3. Follow password complexity rules for your answers.
Security questions are just like a second password. Hackers may use brute force or dictionary attacks on a security question. Following password complexity rules can help to make your security question answers more secure.
An easy to remember and yet complex answer is to use four random words like "blankcowblueYogurt".
4. Use spaces if possible.
Older generation brute force and dictionary attacks don't account for spaces. For modern tools, it can make it longer and harder to crack if there are spaces. Add a space in your answer if allowed. "blank cow blue Yogurt"
Centrify MFA can use security questions for:
- AD password reset / account unlock
- Computer login (Windows / Linux / Unix)
- Privilege elevation (Windows / Linux / Unix)
- Remote access through Centrify's password vault.
- Password checkout for shared privileged accounts.
- AWS Workspaces
- Horizon View
- Accessing a web application
- Accessing the Centrify User and Admin Portals.
- VPN access
Centrify users can set up their security question(s) through the Account tab in the Centrify User portal.